“As the government of the United States of America is not in any sense founded on the Christian Religion, – as it has in itself no character of enmity against the laws, religion or tranquility of Musselmen, – and as the said States never have entered into any war or act of hostility against any Mehomitan nation, it is declared by the parties that no pretext arising from religious opinions shall ever produce an interruption of the harmony existing between the two countries.”
Treaty between USA and Libya, signed at Tripoli, November 4, 1796, and at Algiers January 3, 1797
Senate advice and consent to ratification June 7, 1797
Ratified June 10, 1797
Entered into force June 10, 1797
Proclaimed by the President of the United States June 10, 1797
According to the Yale Law School:
“Most extraordinary (and wholly unexplained) is the fact that Article 11 of the Barlow translation, with its famous phrase, ‘the government of the United States of America is not in any sense founded on the Christian Religion,” does not exist at all.'”
The entire treaty can be read by clicking on NOTE REGARDING THE Barlow TRANSLATION.
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