According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Law 91-572, “Population Research and Voluntary Family Planning Programs,” was enacted as Title X of the Public Health Service Act, commonly referred to as Title X, or Title X Family Planning program. Title X was enacted in 1970, signed into law by Richard Nixon, a Republican president, three years before the 1973 Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade.
- “The Title X program is designed to provide access to contraceptive services, supplies and information to all who want and need them.”
- “By law, priority is given to persons from low-income families.”
- “In fiscal year 2007, Congress appropriated approximately $283 million for family planning activities supported under Title X.”
- “In approximately 75% of U.S. counties, there is at least one clinic that receives Title X funds and provides services as required under the Title X statute.”
- “In addition to contraceptive services and related counseling, Title X-supported clinics provide a number of related preventive health services such as: patient education and counseling; breast and pelvic examinations; breast and cervical cancer screening according to nationally recognized standards of care; sexually transmitted disease (STD) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention education, counseling, testing and referral; and pregnancy diagnosis and counseling.”
- “By law, Title X funds may not be used in programs where abortion is a method of family planning.”
The entire description may be read by clicking on Family Planning.
The National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association mentions that had “Title X funding kept pace with medical inflation since FY 1980, it would now be funded at $759 million, instead of its FY 2007 funding level of $283 million.” To read additional facts, click on Family Planning Facts.